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Standard FCI N 172 (09.11.95)
ORIGIN : France.
UTILIZATION : Companion.
FCI CLASSIFICATION : Group 9 Companions and toys
Section 2 Poodle
Witout working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE & APTITUDE :
Characteristics defining the breed : Placed in the utilitary and companion dog classification. Dog of harmonious type, of medium proportions, with characteristically frizzy coat, curly or corded. Appearance of an intelligent animal, constantly alert, active, harmoniously built and giving an impression of elegance and pride. The Poodle has a light and springy gait. He must never have a long and flowing gait. Dog reputed for his faithfulness, willing to learn and being trained, which makes of him a particularly pleasant companion dog.
HEAD : Distinguished, rectilinear, in proportion with the body. Its length must be a little more than 2/5 of the dog's height at the withers. Without heaviness or massiveness, but neither being too fine. The chiselling must be evident under the covering skin.
Nose : Pronounced and developed, with vertical profile; open nostrils. Black nose in the black subjects, the whites and the greys; brown in the brown subjects, the brown colour within the range of dark brown may be going up to black, without this last colour being preferred but accepted to avoid possible depigmentation, in the apricot subjects.
Muzzle : Upper profile in straight line; its length is about 9/10 of the skull's length. The two branches of the lower jaw extending almost parallel. The appearance of the muzzle is solid, elegant, but not pointed. The lower profile of the muzzle is given by the lower jaw and not by the upper lip.
Lips : Lightly developed, rather tight, of medium thickness, the upper lip resting on the lower lip, without falling over it. Black in the black, white and grey subjects, pigmented in the browns, coloured within the range of dark brown maybe going up to black, without this last colour being preferred, but accepted in the apricot subjects. The corner of the lips must not be pronounced.
Jaws : Fitting normally, teeth solid. The absence of one M1 or M2 in the upper and of one M2 or M3 in the lower jaw would not be penalised in judging or in a breeding selection.
Cheeks : Not prominent, fitting close to the bone. The sub-orbital arches chiselled and moderately pronounced. The masticatory muscles, anatomical base of the cheeks, lightly developed, the zygomatic arches very slightly pronounced.
Stop : Very slightly marked.
SKULL : Well shaped; its width is less than half the length of the head (the axes form an axial-facial angle of about 16o to 19o). The whole of the skull seen from above, appears oval in lengthwise direction and in profile slightly convex. The longitudinal axes are slightly divergent.
Superciliary arches : Moderately pronounced, covered with long hair.
Frontal furrow : Broad between the eyes, narrowing towards the occiput, which is very pronounced. (In the miniatures it can be less pronounced).
Eyes : Keen lively expression, placed at the level of the stop and slightly slanting. The outline of the eyelids give the eyes an almond shape. Black or very dark brown for the black, the white, the grey and the apricot poodles; the eyes maybe dark ambre for the brown subjects.
Ears : Quite long, falling alongside the cheeks, set on the extension of a line starting from above the nose and passing below the outer corner of the eye, flat, broadening after the base and rounded at the tip, covered with very long wavy hairs. The Poodle whose ears do not reach the corner of the lips cannot obtain the qualification "excellent".
Neck : Solid, slightly arched after the nape of the neck, of medium length, well proportioned, the head carried high and proudly. No dewlap. Neck of oval cross section, its length inferior to that of the head.
BODY : The general appearance of the body of a poodle is of good proportions, the length of the body generally exceeding the height at the withers.
Forechest : Normal for a dog of medium proportions; the extremity of the sternum must be slightly prominent and set rather high which causes a higher, easier and more noble head carriage.
Chest : Descending down to elbow level, the width is equal to 2/3 of its depth (from spinal column to sternum). The thorax perimeter measured behind the shoulders must be at least 10 cm more than the height at the withers.
Ribs : Rib cage oval, broad in the back section.
Back : Short harmonious topline. It must not be either roach or saddle back. The height from the ground to the withers being more or less the same as that from the ground to the rump.
Loins : Firm and muscular.
Belly and flanks : Tucked up but not excessively so.
Rump : Rounded but not falling away.
Tail : Set quite high at the level of the loin. To be docked by a third nearest to the body, or at the half of its natural length in the curly coated poodles. However, a long and well carried tail is not a fault. It can be kept in its full length in the corded coat poodles. The tail is raised obliquely in action.
Shoulder and upper arm : Wither moderately developed. Shoulder sloping, muscular. The shoulder-blade forming with the upper arm an angle of 90o to 110o. The length of the upper arm corresponding to that of the shoulder-blade.
Forearm : Front legs perfectly straight and parallel, elegant, well muscled with good bone. The height from the elbow to the ground is of 5/9 of the height of the withers to the ground.
Pastern joint : Continuing the front line of the forearm.
Pasterns : Solid, not massive, and almost straight seen in profile.
Feet : Rather small, firm, of a short oval shape. The toes are well arched, strong, compact, webbed, resting firmly on a hard and thick sole. The nails are black on blacks and greys, black or brown on the browns; on the whites the nails may be coloured according to the whole range of horn going up to black and must correspond with the pigmentation. The white nails remain a fault. In the apricot dogs, they must be coloured according to the whole range of dark brown up to black, without this last colour being preferred, but accepted.
Thighs : Well muscled and robust.
Legs : Hind legs parallel, seen from behind, muscles well developed and well visible. The joint with the hock is fairly angulated. The angles : coxal - femoral , tibial - femoral and tibial - tarsal, must be sufficiently pronounced so as to avoid straight quarters which sometimes produce an undesirable slanting rump.
Hock joint and Hock : Vertical. The poodle must be born without dewclaws on the back legs.
Feet : See forequarters.
COLOUR : Poodles with curly or corded coats : black, white, brown, grey and apricot.
A. The brown : Must be pure, quite dark, uniform and warm. The graduations in the brown shades must not go neither to the beige nor to its lighter derivatives. Neither must the coat be of such a dark brown so as to be near pure black, i.e. excessive dark brown or aubergine coloured (dark purple).
B. The grey : Must be uniform. The graduations in the grey colour must not reach either the black nor the white.
C. The apricot : Must be of a uniform colour neither tending to the beige or the cream, neither to the red or auburn, nor to the brown or its derivatives.
"Lion clip" : The poodle, whether curly or corded, shall be clipped on the hindquarters up to the ribs.
Also clipped : the muzzle, above and underneath from the lower eyelids; the cheeks, the fore and hind legs, apart from cuffs or bracelets and optional motifs on the hindquarters, the tail, except a round or oblong terminal pompom.
The moustache is recommanded for all subjects.
Keeping hair on the front legs, called "trousers", is admitted.
"Modern clip" : Keeping hair on the four legs is only permitted providing the following norm standards are respected :
1. - Shall be clipped :
a) The lower part of the front legs, from the nails to the tip of the dewclaw, the lower part of the hind legs up to an equivalent height. Machine clipping, limited to the toes only, is permitted.
b) The head and the tail as the preceeding rules describe. Shall be exceptionnally permitted in this clipping :
- the presence, below the lower jaw, of hair cut short not exceeding one centimeter thickness; its lower line will be cut parallel to the lower jaw. The beard called "goat's beard" is not tolerated.
- the suppression of the pompom on the tail (but this will slightly diminish the rating for "texture of coat").
2. - Shortened coat : On the body, to show on the back line a moire (shot silk) effect more or less long of at least 1 centimeter. The length of the coat shall be progressively increased around the ribs and upper parts of the legs.
3. - Regularized hair :
a) On the head which stays with a casque (top knot) of reasonable height as well as on the neck, descending behind the neck to the withers, and in front, without discontinuity down to the shaven part of the foot following a slightly slanting line from the point of the sternum downward. On the upper part of the ears and up to a third of their maximum length, the hair may be cut with scissors or shaved in the direction of the hair. The lower part is left covered with hair of a length increasing progressively from top to bottom, to end up in fringes which can be adjusted.
b) On the legs, "trousers" marking a distinct transition with the shaven part of the feet. The length of the hair increases progressively upwards to show on the shoulder as on the thigh a length of 4 to 7 cm measured on straightened hair, in proportion with the size of the dog but avoiding any "bouffant" (buffy). The trousers on the back legs must allow the typical angulation of the poodle to be seen. All other fancy clips which do not comply with these norm standards are eliminatory. Whatever the standard outline obtained through the grooming, it must never influence the classification at the shows, all dogs of the same class shall be judged and placed together.
"English clip" : Add to the "lion" clip motifs on the hindquarters, i.e. bracelets and cuffs. On the head : a topknot. For this clip, the moustache is optional. Absence of demarcation on the hair of the hindquarters is tolerated. The topknot is optional.
TEXTURE OF THE COAT :
Curly coated poodle : Abundant hairs of fine texture, woolly and curly, elastic and resistant to pressure of the hand. It must be thick, dense, of uniform length, forming even curls which are generally combed. The coat hard to the touch giving an impression of horse hair is undesirable and shall be demoted in favour of the regular texture.
Corded hair poodle : Abundant, of fine texture, woolly and dense, forming characteristic thin cords of even length. They must be at least 20 cm in length. The longer they are, the more they are appreciated. The cords on each side of the head may be tied up by a ribbon above the ears and those on the body parted on each side to avoid an untidy coat.
SKIN : Supple, not loose, pigmented. The black, the brown, the grey and the apricot poodles must be pigmented according to their coat colour; for the whites, the silvery skin is desirable, but the pigmentation must not alter the coat colour. There are also white poodles whose light skin is spotted, not only on the inner parts, which is frequent, but also on the rest of the body; this does not constitute a fault. The general pigmentation in its greatest intensity is desirable on : eyelids, nose, lips, gums, palate, mucous membranes, natural orifices, scrotum, pads. It must be black in the black, the white, and the grey dogs; dark brown in the browns; in the apricots, it must be as uniform and as dark as possible, according to the range of dark brown which can go up to black, without this last colour being preferred, but accepted to avoid a possible depigmentation.
1) Large poodles : Above 45 cm up to 60 cm with a tolerance of 2 cm. The large poodle must be the enlarged and developed reproduction of the medium poodle from which he retains the same characteristics.
2) Medium poodles : More than 35 cm up to 45 cm.
3) Miniature poodles : More than 28 cm up to 35 cm. This poodle size must show in its ensemble the appearance of a reduced medium poodle, retaining as much as possible the same proportions and not showing any sign of dwarfism.
4) Toy poodles : Below 28 cm (desirable ideal type, size of 25 cm). The Toy poodle keeps in its ensemble the appearance of the miniature poodle and the same general proportions, complying with all the requirements of the standard. All presence of dwarfism is excluded, only the occipital crest may be less pronounced.
MOVEMENT : Light and springy, never long or flowing.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Anatomical and type faults : Muzzle too thin or pointed, convex nasal bridge. Nose small and nostrils insufficiently open, or too big. Lack of stop or stop too pronounced. Eyes too big or too small, insufficiently dark or with a reddish tint. Ears too short, too narrow or carried folded. An undershot mouth is a fault which must be penalised according to its importance. Yellow teeth, caused by distemper, do not constitute a fault if those same teeth are themselves placed correctly. The badly placed or missing teeth constitute a fault proportional to the importance of the irregularity; all the incisors, canines and molars must be present; the lack of one premolar (1 P1) is not penalised; the lack of 2 premolars (2 P1) : qualificative "excellent"; lack of 3 premolars (3 P1 or 2 P1 and 1 P2) : qualificative "very good".
Rump falling away. Hindquarters too straight. Dog too leggy.
Tail curved over the back, too thin or set too low. Flowing or extended movement.
Nose discoloured or spotted, pink. General pigmentation insufficient, palpebral depigmentation, "spectacles" or lack of hair around the eyes.
Thin or soft coat. Indecisive colour or not uniform. A few white hairs on the chest are tolerated. Vicious dog, aggressive or too nervous. All dogs affected by dwarfism cannot qualify "excellent". The most obvious signs of dwarfism are : protruding skull, absence of occipital crest, stop too pronounced, too prominent eye, pointed muzzle, too short or turned up, lower jaw retracted, chinless.
Eliminatory faults : White patches. White hairs on feet. Dogs whose coat is not of a solid colour (whole-coloured). Tail-less. Dewclaws or traces of dewclaws on hindlegs. Overshot mouth. Absence of one incisor. Lack of expression in the type of the head. Dogs exceeding 62 cm in size.
The poodles which are not clipped in conformation with the standard will not (as long as they are like that) be judged for the awards at the shows and official events, without however being disqualified for reproduction.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.